401: Alaric I leads the Visigoths as the invade Northern Italy by crossing the Alps.
1095: Pope Urban II calls for the Council of Clermont to begin. This council would lead to the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
1180: Phillip II is crowned King of France.
1493: The island that would eventually become known as Puerto Rico is spotted for the first time by Christopher Columbus.
1730: Frederick the Great is granted a royal pardon and released from prison.
1865: The New York Saturday Press publishes Mark Twain’s short story entitled “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County.”
1872: 15 women – Susan B. Anthony among them – are arrested for voting illegally in the U.S Presidential election of 1872.
1918: Latvia declares itself to be independent from Russia.
1928: The Disney Corporation considers this day to be Mickey Mouse’s birthday. It’s also when Steamboat Willie was released.
1943: 440 Royal Air Force bombers drop bombs on the city of Berlin. During the attack, the Royal Air Force loses 9 aircraft and over 50 crewmen. There are about 131 German casualties.
1963: The push-button telephone is used for the first time.
1993: The North American Free Trade Agreement – otherwise known as NAFTA – is approved by the U.S House of Representatives.
2003: During the case of Goodridge v. The Department of Public Health, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules that the state’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gives the state 6 months to change the law. This makes the State of Massachusetts the first U.S state to grant marriage rights to same-sex couples.
Famous Birthdays on November 18
African-American abolitionist Sojourner Truth is born in 1787.
French physicist and photographer Louis Daguerre is born in 1787.
American botanist Asa Gray is born in 1810.
Canadian novelist and poet, Margaret Atwood is born in 1939.
American actress Brenda Vaccaro is born in 1939.
American poet and novelist, James Welch is born in 1940.