Historical Events on November 30
- 1782: Preliminary articles of peace – documents which would later become formal as the 1783 Treaty of Paris – are signed by representatives from Great Britain and the U.S in Paris during the American Revolutionary War.
- 1804: The U.S Senate begins the impeachment trial of Federalist Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase.
- 1853: The Ottoman Fleet commanded by Oshman Pasha is destroyed by the Imperial Russian Naval force that’s led by Pavel Nakhimov at the Battle of Sinop during the Crimean War.
- 1864: When the Confederate Army of Tennessee attack the Union Army of the Ohio at the Battle of Franklin during the American Civil War, they incur serious losses.
- 1942: Naval combat breaks out at the Battle of Tassafaronga during World War II between a United States Naval cruiser force under the command of Carleton H. Wright and Japanese destroyers under the command of Raizo Tanaka.
- 1954: The Hodges meteorite comes crashing through the roof of a building and hits a woman who was taking an afternoon nap in Sylacauga, Alabama.
- 1966: Barbados gains its independence from the U.K.
- 1967: The People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen gains its independence from the U.K.
- 1998: Mobil and Exxon merge in a deal worth more than $73 billion dollars. This creates ExxonMobil – one of the largest corporations in the entire world.
Famous Birthdays on November 30
- Irish satirist and essayist, Jonathan Swift is born in 1667.
- American lawyer and politician, William Livingston is born in 1723.
- Scottish surgeon and explorer, Alexander Berry is born in 1781.
- American humorist and novelist, Mark Twain is born in 1835.
- Canadian soldier, physician and poet, John McCrae is born in 1872.
- Czech poet and author, Božena Benešová is born in 1873.
- English Prime Minister of the U.K and Nobel Prize laureate, Winston Churchill is born in 1874
- English-Canadian poet and author, Lucy Maud Montgomery is born in 1874.