The Day Of Martyr Omar Al-Mukhtar is a public holiday that’s observed annually in Libya on the 16th of September. This holiday is also known simply as Martyr’s Day. This day commemorates all of those who have lost their lives for the independence of Libya and it’s held on the anniversary of the execution of a resistance leader known as the “Lion of the Desert.”
This leader was Omar al-Mukhtar who was skilled in the tactics and strategies of desert warfare and fought against French colonial forces who attempted to invade Chad and southern Sudan at the beginning of the 20th century.
The History Of The Day Of Martyr Omar Al-Mukhtar
Omar al-Mukhṭār Muḥammad bin Farḥāṭ al-Manifī was born on August 20th, 1858 in the Ottoman Empire and he led an armed struggle against French colonial forces in 1900. When Rome declared Libray as an Italian colony in 1912, he became a hero of Libya and led an anti-colonial resistance.
Through these conflicts, he would be nicknamed “The Lion of the Desert” and he fought against colonial occupation until he was captured on September 11th, 1931. After refusing to surrender to the Italians, he was executed in a town that’s south of Benghazi known as Suluq on September 16th, 1931. Since then and on through current times, Muktar has become a symbol of resistance for resisting the Italian invasion.
Observing The Day Of Martyr Omar Al-Mukhtar
All across Libya, Muktar’s image can be found on flags, pins, bumper stickers, and on posters. There are also festivals and other events all across the country. Because this is a public holiday, many businesses, schools, and non-essential government offices are closed for the day. And many people use this holiday to spend time with loved ones or to attend rallies or other public events.
When is Day Of Martyr Omar Al-Mukhtar?
|This year (2023)||September 16 (Saturday)||Multiple dates - more|
|Next year (2024)||September 16 (Monday)||Multiple dates - more|
|Last year (2022)||September 16 (Friday)||Multiple dates - more|