Independence Day in Nicaragua
Independence Day is a national holiday in Nicaragua and is observed annually on the 15th of September. This holiday commemorates Nicaragua’s independence from Spanish rule on this date in 1821 — a date when several Central American provinces also received their independence.
On this holiday, Nicaraguans have the day off and many schools, businesses, and government offices are closed for the day. It’s also a day when many school bands and dancers hold parades all across the country. Other celebratory events that happen on this holiday include street festivals and parties, communal meals, and firework displays attended by large crowds.
The History Of Independence Day In Nicaragua
For thousands of years, the region now known as Nicaragua was inhabited by a number of different indigenous cultures. Then Christopher Columbus visited the area in 1502 during his fourth voyage. He would become the first European to set foot in the area.
Twenty years later, Conquistador Gil González Dávila attempted to conquer Nicaragua but his attempt was pushed back by the native people. In 1524, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba began a new expedition and he would end up establishing the towns of Granada and Leon.
Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua would become a part of the Kingdom of Guatemala. It would remain under Spanish rule until Spanish control began to be eroded due to their involvement in the European Peninsular War and local uprising against the rule of King Joseph. On September 15th, 1821, the Act of Independence of Central America was declared by the Province of Guatemala. That’s why this Independence Day is celebrated by countries across Central America.
Observing Independence Day In Nicaragua
This holiday features events all across the country. There’s a high-school battle of the bands that features traditional music and choreography, there are also street festivals, parades, and plenty of street food. The culmination of festivities occurs with a large fireworks display enjoyed by huge groups of people.