1789: The Bastille is stormed by Parisians during the French Revolution.
1789: On his search for a river that would take him to the Pacific, Alexander Mackenzie discovers the river that would eventually be named after him and flows into the Arctic Ocean. It’s the second-largest river system to exist in North America.
1791: A supporter of the French Revolution, Joseph Priestly, is driven out of Birmingham, England during the Priestley Riots.
1798: In the U.S., the Sedition Act is made into law. This act makes it a Federal crime to write, utter, print or publish false or malicious comments about the government of the U.S.
1853: The first major United States World’s Fair – the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations – is opened in New York City.
1874: Almost 50 acres of Chicago is burned down during the Chicago Fire of 1874. Over 800 buildings are destroyed and approximately 20 people are killed.
1881: Pat Garret shoots down Billy the Kid outside of Fort Sumner.
1933: All political parties in Germany, except for the Nazi Party is outlawed during Gleichschaltung.
1933: Nazi Eugenics begins with a call for the compulsory sterilization of any citizen who is believed to suffer from genetic disorders.
1943: The George Washington Carver National Monument is opened in Diamond, Missouri. It becomes the first U.S National monument to honor an African-American.
1950: The Battle of Taejon is started by North Korean forces during the Korean War.
Famous Birthdays on July 14
English archaeologist and writer, Gertrude Bell is born in 1868.
French painter and illustrator, Marco de Gastyne is born in 1889.
American actor George Tobias is born in 1901.
American animator, director and co-founder of Hanna Barbera, William Hanna is born in 1910.
American businesswoman Aubrey McClendon is born in 1959.
American actress Jane Lynch is born in 1960.
American actor Jackie Earle Haley is born in 1961.