1854: A United States Naval Fleet featuring thirteen Ironclad vessels and seven Gunboats, plus an assortment of support vessels, enter the Red River – thereby starting the Red River Campaign of the American Civil War.
1868: An assassination attempt is made on Prince Alfred Duke of Edinburgh.
1868: The U.K annexes Basutoland (it is known today as Lesotho).
1881: Andrew Watson becomes the first black international footballer and captain in Scotland on this day.
1894: Joseph A. Biedenharn bottles and sells Coca-Cola for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
1912: In the U.S., the Girl Guides is established. This organization would later be renamed the Girls Scouts of America.
1928: The St. Francis Dam in California fails and kills approximately 431 people.
1930: Mahatma Gandhi starts the Salt March. This two hundred mile march was to protest the British monopoly on salt in India.
1930: United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt begins his “fire-side chats” on this day.
1938: Austria is occupied by German forces.
1942: The American-British-Dutch-Australian Command in Bundung in the Dutch East Indies surrenders to the Japanese, thereby ending the Battle of Java during WWII.
1993: Three hundred people are killed and hundreds more are injured when several bombs go off in Mumbai, India.
1993: North Korea announces its plan to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. It also refuses to allow inspectors to inspect its nuclear sites.
1994: The first female priest is ordained by the Church of England.
2014: 70 people are injured and 8 people are killed when a gas explosion erupts in East Harlem in New York City.
Famous Birthdays on March 12
American author and poet, Jack Kerouac is born in 1922.
Japanese physicist and Nobel Prize laureate, Leo Esaki is born in 1925.