1776: Upon landing at Palisades, British troops then begin the assault on Fort Lee during the American Revolutionary War. This forces the retreat of the Continental Army.
1789: The first state to ratify the U.S Bill of Rights is New Jersey.
1820: Two thousand miles from the western coast of South America, an eighty-ton sperm whale attacks the whaling ship the Essex. This attack would later inspire Herman Melville to write Moby-Dick in 1851.
1917: British forces initially advance during an attack on German fortifications but are eventually pushed back at the Battle of Cambrai during World War I.
1940: Hungary officially joins the Axis Powers.
1943: U.S Marines land on Tarawa Atoll at the Battle of Tarawa during World War II. The Japanese attack the invading Marines with heavy machine gun and shore gun fire.
1945: The Nuremberg Trials begin when 24 Nazi war criminals begin their trials.
1985: The operating system Windows 1.0 is released by Microsoft.
1992: A fire breaks out in Windsor Castle in England. The fire causes over £50 million worth of damage.
Famous Birthdays on November 20
Swedish educator, author and Nobel Prize laureate, Selma Lagerlof is born in 1858.
English sailor Herbert Pitman is born in 1877.
American engineer Olive Dennis is born in 1885.
American author and cartoonist, Chester Gould is born in 1900.
American lawyer, politician and 64th U.S Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy is born in 1925.
English soldier and author John Gardner is born in 1926.
English ventriloquist and actor, Terry Hall is born in 1926.
American soldier, pilot and Medal of Honor recipient, Ed Freeman is born in 1927.
American novelist and playwright Don DeLillos is born in 1936.
American lawyer and 47th Vice President of the United States, Joe Biden is born in 1942.
American actor and screenwriter Bob Einstein is born in 1942.
American journalist Judy Woodruff is born in 1946.
American actor and singer Samuel E. Wright is born in 1946.
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