1390: In Paris, the first trial for witchcraft is held; It would lead to the death of three people.
1591: Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti becomes Pope Innocent IX.
1618: Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for supposedly conspiring against King James I of England.
1863: The International Red Cross is organized by Eighteen countries who met in Geneva.
1901: Serial killer Jane Toppan – also known as Jolly Jane – is arrested for murdering the Davis family in Boston using an overdose of morphine. Over the next year, she would confess to a total of 33 murders.
1923: After the Ottoman Empire is dissolved, Turkey becomes a republic.
1929: The Crash of 1929 – also known as Black Tuesday – occurs on this day when the New York Stock Exchange crashes. This would be considered by historians to be the beginning of the Great Depression.
1941: German occupiers massacre over 10,000 Jews in the Kaunas Ghetto.
1944: Soviet forces enter Hungary during WWII.
1944: The First Polish Armored Division liberates the Dutch city of Breda during WWII.
1960: Cassius Clay – who would later change his name to Muhammad Ali – wins his first fight on the professional level in Louisville, Kentucky.
1961: Syria parts ways with the United Arab Republic.
1967: Expo 67 – otherwise known as the International and Universal Expo – in Montreal closes out its run. 50.3 million visitors visited this expo.
1971: Duane Allman is killed in a motorcycle accident in Macon, Georgia.
Famous Birthdays on October 29
German lawyer, politician and Nazi propagandist, Joseph Goebbels is born in 1897.
English footballer Billy Walker is born in 1897.
American author Fredric Brown is born in 1906.
English author and philosopher A.J. Ayer is born in 1910.
Austrian-American chemist Carl Djerassi is born in 1923.
English actor Robert Hardy is born in 1925.
British mathematician Klaus Roth is born in 1925.
American actor Richard Dreyfuss is born in 1947.
American actress and producer Kate Jackson is born in 1948.