Independence Day in Ecuador

Observed annually on the 10th of August, Ecuadorian Independence Day is a holiday that marks Ecuador’s capital city of Quito’s declaration of independence from Spain on this date in 1809. This holiday is Ecuador’s National Day and is known as “Día del Primer Grito de Independencia de Quito” in Spanish.

Because it’s a national holiday, it’s a day off for the general population, and many government offices, schools, and businesses are closed. It’s also a holiday that’s celebrated not only in Quito but in towns and villages all across the country. It’s a day filled with parties, music, and a lot of traditional Ecuadorian foods.

The History of Independence Day in Ecuador

During the mid-16th century, Ecuador was colonized by Spain, and the city of Quito was established as the administrative region of Spain in the country. The Spanish ruled for 300 years before the citizens of Quito decided enough was enough and chose to rebel. On August 10, 1809, Quito declared independence from Spain and was led by Juan Pio Montúfar and Bishop Cuero y Caicedo.

The Spanish suppressed the independence movement, however, after approximately three weeks. Even so, the efforts of this city were seen as a major milestone in the country’s movement towards independence. This movement resulted in the city of Guayaquil becoming the first Ecuadorian city to become independent of Spain on October 9, 1820. The rest of the country would secure its independence after the Battle of Pichincha under the command of Simon Bolivar on May 24, 1822.

Observing Independence Day in Ecuador

Some of the largest celebrations in Ecuador are held in the city of Quito. These celebrations are held around historic and cultural centers such as the Plaza de la Independencia. Festivities can include festivals, concerts, parades, and other special events.

Of course, celebrations don’t just occur in the capital city but in towns and villages all across Ecuador. People celebrate with music, dancing, festivals, and by sharing communal meals with friends and relatives. It’s a day of great celebration and a day for Ecuadorians to take pride in their country.

Where is it celebrated?
Ecuador (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
August 10 Saturday
Next year (2025)
August 10 Sunday
Last year (2023)
August 10 Thursday