National Day in Austria

National Day is a public holiday observed in Austria on the 26th of October each year. Known as Nationalfeiertag in German, this national day commemorates the country’s Declaration of Neutrality in 1955.

Since the creation of this holiday, neutrality has become an important part of Austria’s identity, codified not only by Austria’s Constitution but also through international law.

Some argue that Austria isn’t as neutral as it once was following the conclusion of WWII, since it is a member of the European Union, but this day is still observed with a variety of events mainly held in Vienna every year.

The History of Austria’s National Day

The Declaration of Neutrality, passed in May of 1955, was a direct result of the Axis powers losing the war and the occupation of Austria by Allied forces. After Austria signed this neutrality declaration, the last of the foreign troops left the country on October 25th, 1955.

After the country joined the EU, there was some debate about whether Austria would change its policy of neutrality, or if that was even possible. This holiday has been observed by Austria since 1955 and continues to remain an important national holiday.

Interesting Facts About Austria

Below is a list of facts that we’ve gathered about Austria during our research on National Day. We think that the following facts will educate everyone who is not familiar with this country but wants to learn more.

  • The Austrian Alps cover over 60% of the country’s total landmass.
  • Austria shares its borders with eight other countries: the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
  • Approximately 30% of Austria’s forested land is protected.
  • The first postcards in the world were published in Austria.
  • The Austrian Flag, created in 1191, is one of the oldest national flags on the planet.
  • In Vienna is the Austrian National Library, home to more than two million books, making it one of the most important libraries in the world.
  • Approximately a quarter of Austria’s population lives in the capital city, Vienna.

Observing Austria’s National Day

Most events scheduled for this holiday are held in Vienna. These events include a special meeting of the Council of Ministers, a Mass on the Heldenplatz attended by the President and the Federal Minister of Defense, and the swearing-in of new recruits to the Austrian Armed Services. To spread the news about this day, the hashtags #Nationalfeiertag or #AustrianNationalDay can be used on social media.

Where is it celebrated?
Austria (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 26 Saturday
Next year (2025)
October 26 Sunday
Last year (2023)
October 26 Thursday