Peace And Reconciliation Day

Peace and Reconciliation Day is a public holiday observed annually on October 4th in Mozambique. It marks the end of the civil war on this date in 1992 and is celebrated with much enthusiasm. On this day, most businesses, schools, and non-essential government agencies are closed, allowing the general population to enjoy the festivities.

Most of the main events associated with this holiday take place in the capital, Maputo, but there are also smaller celebrations throughout the country. The day is celebrated with music, food, and fun.

The History of Peace and Reconciliation Day in Mozambique

After the struggle for independence, the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) and the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) clashed. FRELIMO attempted to establish a Marxist state, which was resisted by RENAMO.

This conflict resulted in over a million deaths and forced more than 1.7 million people to become refugees in other countries. However, the conflict changed the country’s direction from Marxism to capitalism, especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.

On October 4, 1992, RENAMO and the government signed the General Peace Accord in Rome, officially concluding the Mozambican Civil War. Not long after, Peace and Reconciliation Day was established to spread the message about the futility of wars and to teach Mozambicans how to live in peace with one another.

Observing Peace and Reconciliation Day in Mozambique

Across Mozambique, especially in the city of Maputo, politicians deliver speeches, and special events take place, including parades, concerts, and dances that highlight the importance of this holiday. A variety of Mozambican foods are enjoyed throughout the country, including Galinha Asada, Green Mango Achar, and Rissóis de Camarão.

Where is it celebrated?
Mozambique (Public holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 4 Friday
Next year (2025)
October 4 Saturday
Last year (2023)
October 4 Wednesday