Republic’s Day in Mongolia
In Mongolia, the 26th day of November is observed as Republic Day. Also known as Proclamation Day, this holiday commemorates the date in 1924 when the Mongolian People’s Republic was proclaimed, and the country’s first Constitution was adopted. This is a public holiday in Mongolia, so it’s a day off for most people, and it’s also a day when schools, non-essential government institutions, and many businesses are closed.
The History of Republic Day in Mongolia
Traditionally, Outer Mongolia had been a territory of the Chinese Qing Dynasty, but the call for independence quickly began when China implemented policies in the region to assimilate Mongolian culture and to strengthen the Chinese national identity in the region.
In 1911, the Qing Dynasty collapsed, and soon thereafter, Mongolia declared its independence. In response, China sent troops to occupy and hold onto Outer Mongolia. The Chinese were repelled from the country in 1921, however, when the Mongols received support from Russians fighting against the Bolsheviks.
On July 11th, 1921, Mongolia declared its independence again, and on November 26th, 1924, the Mongolian People’s Republic was proclaimed with the Soviet Union being its closest ally. It had just become the world’s second communist country. On November 18th, 2016, the Mongolian Parliament passed a resolution that made the 26th of November a public holiday that year and every year thereafter.
Observing Republic Day in Mongolia
All across Mongolia, this holiday is observed with parades, cultural events, and the raising of the Mongolian Flag. It’s a day that’s also filled with costumes and pageantry that’s unmatched by any other celebration in the country.
And let us not forget some of the dishes that Mongolians use to celebrate this holiday. These dishes include chow mein noodles known as Tsuivan, meat crepes known as Huushuur, and ravioli stuffed with meat.