1536: The 2nd wife of King Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn, is beheaded for crimes which include treason, incest and adultery.
1568: The order for the arrest of Mary Queen of Scots is given by Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1655: During the Anglo-Spanish War, Jamaica is invaded by British forces.
1743: The Centigrade temperature scale is created by Jean-Pierre Christin on this day.
1749: The Ohio Company is granted a land grant around the forks of the Ohio River by King George II of Great Britain.
1776: At the Battle of the Cedars during the American Revolutionary War, the Continental Army surrenders a garrison.
1802: The Legion of Honor is founded by Napoleon Bonaparte on this day.
1828: The Tariff of 1828 is signed into law by United States’ President John Quincy Adams. Among other things, this act protects U.S wool manufacturers.
1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by Mexico. This treaty ends the Mexican American War and gives Utah, California and Nevada to the U.S. It also gives portions of 4 other modern U.S states to the U.S for $15 million dollars.
1942: After the Battle of the Coral Sea during World War 2, Task Force 16 returns to Pearl Harbor.
1962: At Madison Square Garden, A birthday salute is held for United States’ President John F. Kennedy. During this event, actress Marilyn Monroe will sing Happy Birthday to the President.
Famous Birthdays on May 19
American Lieutenant, pilot and Medal of Honor recipient, Frank Luke is born in 1897.
American scientist Ruth Ella Moore is born in 1903.
Austrian-English biologist and Nobel Prize laureate, Max Perutz is born in 1914.
American minister and activist, Malcolm X is born in 1925.
English singer-songwriter Pete Townshend is born in 1945.
English actress Victoria Wood is born in 1953.
Canadian-American computer scientist and creator of JAVA, James Gosling is born in 1955.