1066: William the Conqueror leads Norman forces against the English Army on Senlac Hill. Norman forces defeat the English forces and end up killing King Harold II of England.
1322: King Edward II of England is defeated at Byland by Robert the Bruce of Scotland. As a result, England has to recognize the independence of Scotland.
1758: Prussian forces is defeated by Austrian forces at the Battle of Hochkirch during the Seven Year’s War.
1777: Several British East India Company’s tea ships are set on fire at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland.
1863: Robert E. Lee and his Confederate forces fail to drive Union forces out of Virginia at the Battle of Bristoe Station during the American Civil War.
1882: The University of Punjab is founded.
1884: George Eastman receives a patent from the United States Government for his new paper-strip photographic film.
1926:A. Milne publishes his children’s book, Winnie-the-Pooh.
1933: Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
1939: The British battleship HMS Royal Oak is sunk by the German submarine U-47.
1943: Eleven SS guards are killed when the prisoners at a Nazi Sobibor Extermination Camp in Poland revolted. Approximately 600 of the prisoners escape – only about 50 of them will survive to the end of the war.
Famous Birthdays on October 14
English businessman and founder of Pennsylvania, William Penn is born in 1644.
Scottish mathematician Robert Simson is born in 1687.
Ferdinand VII of Spain is born in 1784.
British novelist and short story writer, Katherine Mansfield is born in 1888.
American general and 34th President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower is born in 1890.
American actress Lillian Gish is born in 1893.
American poet and playwright E.E. Cummings is born in 1894.
English actor Roger Moore is born in 1927.
American singer Robert Parker is born in 1930.
Swiss psychotherapist and author Jurg Schubiger is born in 1936.