Birthday Of The Governor Of Malacca

Malacca, situated in the southwestern region of Malaysia, is a coastal state known for its rich heritage and history. Its capital, Malacca City (sometimes spelled Melaka), is home to over 932,000 people. This area is steeped in history, evident in its ancient landmarks and colonial buildings.

The head of state in Malacca is the Governor, also referred to as Yang di-Pertua Negeri. This significant figure is honored through the celebration of the “Birthday of the Governor of Malacca.” This holiday is observed every second Friday in October in Malacca, featuring official festivities dedicated to the current Yang di-Pertua Negeri.

Historical Background of the Holiday

Malacca was originally established as a fishing village in 1402 by Singapura King Parameswara. He selected this location due to its excellent port, year-round accessibility, and strategic position at the narrowest point of the Malacca Straits.

With the assistance of the Orang Laut, also known as the sea people, Parameswara transformed Malacca into an international port, compelling passing ships to dock and establishing trade facilities and warehouses.

In the 16th century, Portuguese General and Duke of Goa, Afonso de Albuquerque, led an expedition to Malacca with 18 ships and 1,200 men. They captured the city on August 24, 1511. While Hindu, Burmese, and Chinese inhabitants were spared, the Muslim residents either faced enslavement or were subjected to brutal massacres.

During this period, the Malay sultanate was abolished. On April 1, 1946, Malacca became part of the Malayan Union, which later merged into the Federation of Malaya on February 1, 1948. Finally, on August 31, 1957, Malaya gained independence, and in September 1963, Malaysia was formed with the amalgamation of Malaya, Malacca, Sarawak, Singapore, and Sabah.

Observing the Birthday of the Governor of Malacca

This holiday is marked by special celebrations dedicated to the current Governor of Malacca. It is also a day off for the general public, with many schools, businesses, and government agencies closed. This provides residents with an opportunity to spend quality time with friends and loved ones.

Where is it celebrated?
Malaysia (Common local holiday) - Malacca
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 11 Friday
Next year (2025)
October 10 Friday
Last year (2023)
October 13 Friday