1820: United States President James Monroe signs the Missouri Compromise into law. This law allows the state of Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, Maine to enter as a free state and makes the rest of the northern portion of the Louisiana Purchase Territory free of slavery.
1834: Part of Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto.
1836: After holding off the siege of over three thousand Mexican troops for 13-days, 187 Texas volunteers are killed – including Colonel Jim Bowie and frontiersman Davy Crockett at the Battle of the Alamo.
1857: In the Dred Scott v. Sandford case, the U.S Supreme Court comes to a decision.
1899: Aspirin is registered by Bayer as a registered trademark.
1945: American forces capture Cologne during World War II.
1945: The last major German Offensive of World War II – Operation Spring Awakening – begins on this day.
1951: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg’s trial starts on this day.
1970: 3 people are killed during an explosion at the Weather Underground safe house located in Greenwich Village.
1981: Walter Cronkite has his last appearance on the CBS Evening News after almost 20 years of presenting the news.
Italian painter and sculptor, Michelangelo is born in 1475.
Italian painter Santi di Tito is born in 1536.
English poet, Elizabeth Barrett Browning is born in 1806.
American comedian and actor, Lou Costello is born in 1906.
Scottish-American singer and actress, Ella Logan is born in 1910.
American illustrator Will Eisner is born in 1917.
American economist Alan Greenspan is born in 1926.
American screenwriter William J. Bell is born in 1927.
American actress Connie Britton is born in 1967.
American actress and director, Moira Kelly is born in 1968.
American actress Ellen Muth is born in 1981.
American actor Eli Marienthal is born in 1986.
English footballer Nathan Redmond is born in 1994.
American basketball player Marcus Smart is born in 1994.