Showa Day

Celebrated on April 29th every year in Japan, Showa Day, also known as Showa no hi, is a national Japanese holiday that celebrates the birthday of Emperor Shōwa – known as Hirohito outside of Japan. It is just one of the holidays in Japan’s Golden Week – a series of four holidays that occur during the course of the same week; many of which are national holidays and on which many government and public buildings are closed.


During Hirohito’s lifetime, April 29th was celebrated in honor of the Emperor’s birth. However, this changed in 1989 when the Hirohito died and the holiday was renamed to Greenery Day. This lasted until 2005 when Greenery Day was moved to May 4th and the original holiday was reinstated.

Customs, Traditions And Celebrations

The purpose of this holiday is for citizens to reflect on the accomplishments of Hirohito, as well as to reflect on the past history of Japan. However, since it is a part of Golden Week, this is a time when most Japanese take their vacations. Golden Week is comprised of this holiday, Constitution Day, Greenery Day and Children’s Day. It runs from April 29th to May 5th every year. This makes the entire week a very busy time in Japan and most modes of public transportation are at full capacity.

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