1501: The statue of David is started by Michelangelo.
1541: After three years of exile, John Calvin returns to Geneva to reform the church under his Calvinism Doctrine.
1609: Henry Hudson finally reaches the river that would later be named in his honor: the Hudson River.
1782: During the Great Siege of Gibraltar, Franco-Spanish forces launch the grand assault.
1791: The new but short-lived French Constitution is accepted by King Louis XVI of France.
1812: A wagon carrying supplies to Fort Harrison is ambushed at the Attack at the Narrows during the War of 1812.
1814: The British fail to capture the city of Baltimore. However, while the city is being bombarded, Francis Scott Key pens his now famous poem: “Defence of Fort McHenry” which would later be set to a British drinking song and become the national anthem off the United States of America.
1862: In a prelude to the Battle of Antietam, Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee’s battle plans in a field just outside of Frederick, Maryland.
1898: Celluloid photographic film is patented by Hannibal Goodwin.
1899: On this day, the first traffic related casualty occurs when Henry Bliss is killed in a car accident.
1906: The first flight of a fixed wing aircraft in Europe occurs on this day.
1914: The Battle of Aisne starts between Germany and France during WWI.
1956: The 1st commercial computer to store data on a disk is introduced on this day. It’s called the IBM 305 RAMAC.
1985: The Super Mario series begins on this day when Super Mario Bros. Is released for the NES in Japan.
American businessman and founder of the Hershey Company Milton S. Hershey is born in 1857.
American general and lawyer John J. Pershing is born in 1860.
American short story writer and novelist Sherwood Anderson is born in 1876.
English captain Stanley Lord is born in 1877.
British poet, novelist and screenwriter Roald Dahl is born in 1916.
American author and historian Carol Kendall is born in 1917.