1420: Beijing is announced as the officially capital of the Ming Dynasty.
1492: On his first voyage to the New World, Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba.
1538: In what is now the Dominican Republic, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino is founded, making it the first university in the New World.
1636: The first college in what would become the United States is established by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This university is currently known as Harvard University.
1864: After failing to pierce Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia, General Ulysses S. Grant leads his Union forces on a withdrawal from the area. This ends the Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road.
1893: In St. Petersburg, Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 in B Minor receives its premier performance.
1940: Italy invades Greece, thereby pulling the country into World War II.
1956: Elvis Presley gets vaccinated for polio on national television. This act is credited with raising immunization levels by over 133%.
1995: The deadliest subway disaster in history – the Baku Metro Fire – kills 289 people and injured another 265.
2009: NASA launches the Ares I-X Mission on this day.
Famous Birthdays on October 28
American biologist, physician and inventor of the polio vaccine, Jonas Salk is born in 1914.
English actress Pearl Hackney is born in 1916.
American actor John Connell is born in 1923.
American businessman and co-founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates is born in 1955.
American author Gary Lavergne is born in 1955.
English drummer Stephen Morris is born in 1957.
American computer scientist Landon Curt Noll is born in 1960.
American actress Daphne Zuniga is born in 1962.
American-Canadian actress Lauren Holly is born in 1963.
American comedian and actress Sheryl Underwood is born in 1963.
American actress Jami Gertz is born in 1965.
Scottish screenwriter and director, Kevin Macdonald is born in 1967.
American actress Julia Roberts is born in 1967.
American video game designer and co-founder of Id Software, John Romero is born in 1967.
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