1604: The tragedy written by William Shakespeare, Othello, is performed for the very first time at Whitehall Palace in the city of London.
1611: The Tempest, a play by William Shakespeare, is performed for the first time at Whitehall Palace in London.
1683: The Crown Colony of New York is subdivided into twelve distinct counties.
1800: Although the Executive Mansion wasn’t quite finished, John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in it. The Executive Mansion would eventually be renamed the White House.
1805: During the War of the Third Coalition, Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria.
1848: The first medical school for women, the Boston Female Medical School, opens in Boston, Massachusetts. Eventually, this school would merge with Boston University School of Medicine.
1861: As a replacement to General Winfield Scott, George B. McClellan is appointed as the commander of the Union Army by United States President Abraham Lincoln.
1894: Annie Oakley is filmed by Thomas Edison. This would lead to this American sharpshooter being hired by Buffalo Bill for his famous Wild West Show.
1896: National Geographic features a picture that shows the bare breasts of a woman for the very first time in a magazine.
1897: The Library of Congress is removed from the Congressional Reading Room and given its own building – a building which opens to the public on this day.
1942: The Matanikau Offensive starts during World War II.
1943: The 3rd Marine Division of the U.S. Marines lands on Bougainville – located in the Solomon Islands – at the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay during WWII.
1943: United States aircraft carrier forces attack the Japanese base at Rabaul to support the marine landings on Bougainville.
Famous Birthdays on November 1
American novelist and poet Stephen Crane is born in 1871.
American journalist and poet Grantland Rice is born in 1880.
American publisher Larry Flynt is born in 1942.
American actress and comedian Marcia Wallace is born in 1942.