Historical Events on October 14
- 1066: William the Conqueror leads Norman forces against the English Army on Senlac Hill. Norman forces defeat the English forces and end up killing King Harold II of England.
- 1322: King Edward II of England is defeated at Byland by Robert the Bruce of Scotland. As a result, England has to recognize the independence of Scotland.
- 1758: Prussian forces is defeated by Austrian forces at the Battle of Hochkirch during the Seven Year’s War.
- 1777: Several British East India Company’s tea ships are set on fire at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland.
- 1863: Robert E. Lee and his Confederate forces fail to drive Union forces out of Virginia at the Battle of Bristoe Station during the American Civil War.
- 1882: The University of Punjab is founded.
- 1884: George Eastman receives a patent from the United States Government for his new paper-strip photographic film.
- 1926:A. Milne publishes his children’s book, Winnie-the-Pooh.
- 1933: Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
- 1939: The British battleship HMS Royal Oak is sunk by the German submarine U-47.
- 1943: Eleven SS guards are killed when the prisoners at a Nazi Sobibor Extermination Camp in Poland revolted. Approximately 600 of the prisoners escape – only about 50 of them will survive to the end of the war.
Famous Birthdays on October 14
- English businessman and founder of Pennsylvania, William Penn is born in 1644.
- Scottish mathematician Robert Simson is born in 1687.
- Ferdinand VII of Spain is born in 1784.
- British novelist and short story writer, Katherine Mansfield is born in 1888.
- American general and 34th President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower is born in 1890.
- American actress Lillian Gish is born in 1893.
- American poet and playwright E.E. Cummings is born in 1894.
- English actor Roger Moore is born in 1927.
- American singer Robert Parker is born in 1930.
- Swiss psychotherapist and author Jurg Schubiger is born in 1936.
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